Colddrinks

Banana  fig milk shake


Ingredients
1. Banana  –  2 pc.

2.fig  – 6 pc .

3. Milk   – 2 cup.

4. Honey  –  2 tbsp.
Method
1.peel and chop the banana into pieces.

2.take a blender add banana , fig , milk and honey and blend it .

3.pour the mixture into the glass and serve.

Mango falooda


Ingredients
1.skimmmed milk  – 0.26 gal.

2.custard powder – 1.0 tbsp.

3.mango syrup – 4.0 tbsp.

4.falooda sev  – 7.05 oz.

5.falooda seeds – 1.0 tbsp.

6.mango ice- cream. – 4.0  scoop.
Method
1.In a pan cook milk with custard powder, stir into continuously so that no lump are formed.

2.cook till the milk is thickened . Keep aside to cool.

3 . Sock falooda seeds in litre water for 30 min.

4.heat water in a pan and cook the falooda sev, drain and keep aside.

5.now take four glassses add 1 tbsp mango syrup in each .

6.spread the sev and falooda seeds in glasses.

7. Pour milk to 3/4 level of glass, top with scoop of ice-cream and serve chilled!!!!

Lassi


Ingredients
1. plain  yogurt – 2.0 cup

2.cold water – 5.0 cup

3.cumin seeds  –  2.0 tbsp.

4. salt. – 1.0 tbsp.

5.finely  crumbled  mint  – 1.0 tbsp.
Method
1.blend all the listed ingredients in a blender 3 seconds .

2. Serve  cold !!
make at home also share and commented me .

Thank you!!!!

Mushroom recepies


Hello friends !!!  How   are  you ?? I know    you can feel better and good  . I have brought very delicious and healthy recepie for you .so guys
You know the mushrooms are   rich  , low calories of fibres.  it is very essential for our body. They also mitigate risk of developing serious health condition .such as hearts disease , cancer and  diabetes etc.
So , you  can see how to make tasty and  delicious mushrooms

Baked mushrooms

Ingredients

1. Flat mushrooms – 8.0 pc.


2.spring onions – 1.0.bunch


3. Garlic – 1.0 clove


4.fresh thyme  – 1.0 pc.


5. Teleggio cheese – 8.82 oz.


6. Bread  –  2.0 slice.


7. Fresh flat- leaf parsley   – 1.0 bunch.


8. Rocket  – 4.0 handful.


9.lemon juice -1.0 pc.


10. Virgin olive oil  – as required.

Method

1. These mushroom  have a interesting  meaty textures gutsy flavour.
Best teleggio cheese and fresh hurbs, it’s a match made in heaven. Go on, tunk in!!


2. preheat oven to the 400 degree  f.


3. lay the mushroom  on a large baking tray and sprinkle with the onions , garlic , thyme.


4 . Top the mushroom with the slices  teleggio .toss together the breadcrumbs and the parsley sprinkle over the mushroom .


5. bake for 15 to 20 minutes in the preheat oven until  breadcrumbs brown and the mushroom are cooked through.


6.meanwhile, dress the rocket with the lemon juice and some olive oil.
Serve the mushroom with the dressed rocket!!

Keema mushrooms


Ingredients


1. butter – 1.0 tbsp.


2.onion diced  – 2.0 pc.


3.meat  – 15.87oz.


4.yeast extract – 4.0  tsp.


5.mushrooms cleaned and sliced –  8.82 oz.


6.Paprika – 1.0 tsp.


7.buillions cubes – 2.0 pc.


8.gravy granules – 2.0 tbsp.


9.water – 8.45 fl oz.

Methoda


1.melt the butter over the medium heat  add the onions , and fry until the  soft.


2.stir in  the keema , cook until the browned.


3. Push all the meat and onions out to the side . Leaving  a pool of butter  in the center. Stir the Marmite into the butter, and mix until  well blended mix  with mince and onions.


4.stir in the paprika , and cubes .  The mixture  will start to become sticky and bind together.a dd  the grevy mix it will a sticky at first .just stir and bring to a simmer,
And it is a ready to serve!!!!!


Please make at home and also share and like the information.
Thank you!!!

Besan recipes

Hello friends !!
Today we discuss about the two besan recipes besan laddu and besan halwa it is very simple and easy to make at home with amazing fragrance and rich taste .


Health benefits
It is a helps in lowering of cholesterol level.  also help in digestion .

Besan laddu


Ingredients
. 2cups chickpea flour (besan )

. 1 cup clarified better (ghee)

.1 cup white sugar  , or to taste

. 2tbsp finally chopped  pistachio  nut

.1tbsp finally chopped cashews.

Method
.Stir the chickpea flour  and clarified butter together  in a saucepan over medium low heat
Until the mixture  smells toasty , about 10 minutes .set aside until  cool enough to handle.

.stir in the sugar , pistachios and cashews until  evenly mixed. From the mixture into Small balls the size of large cherries.Use some pressure  when forming the balls so they don’t come apart.

Besan halwa

Ingredients
.1cup milk

.1/2 water

.1/2 tbsp ground cardamoms

.3/4 cup ghee (clarified butter)

.1 cup chickpea flour ( besan)

.1cup sugar

Method
.Bring the milk  and water to simmer in a suespan over  a medium low heat ,stir  the cardamoms into the mixture set aside.


.melt the ghee in the shallown skittle over medium heat .


.stir the chickpea flour into the melted ghee and cook until fragrant  about 10 minutes. add  sugar and stir to incorporate . slowlylowly pour  the milk mixture into the skitllet while a stirring avoid to lump .


. continue cooking and starring  until  the halwa pulls away from the side  of the pan , 10 to 15 minutes.

cut  into square and serve .


  Please make at home and  any doubt to please commented and also share and like the information…..
Thank you…..

How to make biscuits cup cake

Hello friends !!! I am bhagyashri  i have brought  very nice recipe   for you. Cake is a everyone’s favourite food.   so today I am going to show you how to make a biscuits cup cake.

  Ingridents

  • Biscuit  – 12 pc.
  • sugar – 4 tbsp.
  • milk  – 1.5 cup.
  • cocoa powder –  2 tbsp.
  • baking powder – 0.5 tbsp.
  • oil – 1 tbsp.

Method 

  • Break  the biscuit and grind biscuits  and sugar to make a powder.
  • take  a large bowl add a biscuits and sugar powder , cocoa powder , baking powder ,oil and milk mix well.
  • pour  the mixture in silicon moulds.
  • bake in the microwave  for 2 mints .

Air pollution

Hello  friends !!    I have  brought a very amazing information  for you .Today we discuss about the Environmental pollution and  it’s effects  on the human  being .So what is mean by   environmental   pollution.
large by products of mans action , through directly or indirectly effects of changes in energy patterns , radiation  levels , chemical and physical constitution and abundance of organisms  the changes may effects man directly or through his supplies of
bioproducts , physical objects or possessions or his opportunity for recreation and appreciation of nature.


Air pollutants


1.sulphur Oxide


1. sulphur oxides is colorless , nonflammable gas which  has an acrid taste at concentration less than 1 ppm of air and which has pungent, irritating odour at concentration about 3 ppm.


2. SO2 and H2SO4are both capable 
irritating    respiratory system of animal and men.


3.pathological lung change mortality in animals are much greater than levels encountered in urban atmospheres but the latter are capable of producing adverse health effects .


4 .  plants gas is absorbed after passing through stomata of leaves  is oxidized in tissues to  sulphuric acids or sulphate salts

.
5.so2  is involved in the erosion of many building materials like  limestone , marble , the slate used in roofing, , mortar and deterioration of statues.

2.Hydrogen sulphide


1.Hydrogen sulphide is colorless toxic gas having penetrating odour.


2 . It is decaying vegetation and animal material , especially in shallow aquatic and marine environments.


3. produced sulphur springs , volcanic discharge , coal pits and sewers.


4 . hydrogen sulphide results in leaf lesions , defoliation , reduced growth.


5.sulphurdioxides paralysis or destroy bronchial cilia in air passage of man, constricts bronchiae , damage lungs , and irritations of mucus membrance.


3.hydrogen fluorides


1.Active volcanoes  have natural sources of fluorides in atmosphere .


2. fluorides burns tip of leaves.


3. give rise to excessive dropping of bloom and fruits , development of small partially or completely seedless fruits .


4.premature formations of soft red flesh and splitings of peach.


4. Hydrogen chloride
1.It is  infrequently given out by accidental spills from chemical manufacturing plants .


2. It released from combination of coal , papers , plastic and chlorinated hydrocarbons , ignition of solid – fuel rocked engines.


3.hydrogen chloride reported for  glazing  leaves caused  collapse and plasmolysis of epidermal cells. High concentration give rise to nectrotic  lesions.


5.Hydrocarbons


1.Hydrocarbons are chemical compounds having only carbon and hydrogen .it is colorless and odour less.


2.biological decomposition of organic matters , seepage from natural gas , oil- field and volatile emissions of plants  are the major cause of release of hydrocarbons such as methane , ethylene and aniline .


3. Fuel , motor vehicles exhaust ,  petroleum- refineries, motar fuel marketing , manufacture of explosive and cracking of natural gas in petrochemical plants , anthropogenic sources emits hydrocarbons .


4. man hydrocarbons causes irritations of mucous membrane .

Medicinal plants of India

Hello guys !!!
I have brought very good information to all of you.
India is the largest country of  medicinal plant .various kind of Flora’s found  in india . But some are useful to our daily life, which  is it ? So today we learn  about  the some  Indian medicinal plants.

1. Acacia farnesian

  • Family – fabaceae
  • Taxonomic description –
  • Tree grows upto 7 to 8 , hight covered with small thorns, peripinnate compound leaf, yellow coloured small flowers , inflorescence fruit legume.
  • Medical part – bark
  • Chemical constituents-  flowers are the source of Cassie perfume , seeds contain a fatty oil .
  • Medicinal uses-
  • 1 . Gum-  sweet ,tonic
  • 2. Bark – diseases of mouth and blood , excessive hemorrhage , inflammation,itching , ulcer.


2. Acacia Pennata

  • Family – fabaceae
  • Taxonomic description – Large scandent bush with polished bark, flower creamy- white or pale yellow.
  • Medical part –  root
  • Chemical constituents – bark contains lepeol, stem contain –  beeta- sitosterol
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1.bark – Asthma , bronchitis and diseases of blood.

3.Phaseolus  Mungo

  • Family – fabaceae
  • Taxonomic description –
  • Trailing hispidherb with 3- foliolate leaves and yellow flowers , pods linears , turgid.
  • Medicinal part – whole plant, roots.
  • Chemical constituents – plants contain albuminoids ,starch and oil.
  • Medicinal use –
  • 1.seeds -Asthama , cough , Dysentery, diarrhoea.

4.Hibiscus Cannabinus

  • Family – malvaceae
  • Taxonomic description -annual or perennial , princly herb corolla spreading , yellow .
  • Medicinal parts – flower seed leaves.
  • Chemical constituents –
  • seeds – phospholipids , palmitric acid ,stearic acid , limonene, citral.
  • leaves -Aldobiouronic acid , Rutin limonene, cerotic acids ,
  • Flower – Anthocyanins , fructose, glucose , tridecanoic acid, sucrose.
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1.flowers – Abodminal  pain , Biliousness , digestion , dysentery , fever.


5.Mentha spicata

  • Family   – lamiaceae
  • Taxonomic description –
  • Aromatic , creeping or ascending herbs , flowers purplish.
  • Medicinal parts –  leaves
  • Chemical constituents – diosmetin from leaves , essential oil contain  carvacrol  , L-  carvone , dipentene  and esters.
  • Medicinal uses-
  • 1. leaves  – bronchitis , fever
  • 6.Sarcostemma Acidum
  •  
  • Family  – Asclepiadaceae
  • Taxonomic description –
  • Perennial leafless , jointed shrubs ,  with milky latex , fragrant White flowers .
  • Medicinal parts – whole  plants
  • Chemical constituents  – lupeol acetate  , succinic acid , brevobiose  tigmobiose .
  • Medicinal  uses –
  • 1. Whole plants  – dipsia , general debility ,  hydrophobia  , viral infection.


7. Semecarpus Anacardium

  • Family – Anacardiaceae
  • Taxonomic description- a small trees  with unisexual flowers  and drupe  fruit .
  • Medicinal part – fruit
  • Chemical constituents –
  • Fruits contain  –  Anacardiac  acid , cardol , catechol , fixed oil , somearpol , bhilawanol , anacardol .
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1. Fruit – Asthama , cardiac diseases  , colic constipation  , cough , diabetes, helminthiasis , tumours , ulcers .


8.Trachyspermum roxburghianum

  • Family  – Apiaceae 
  • Taxonomic description –  Annual herb , White flowers , cremocarp fruits .
  • Medicinal part – Fruits
  • Chemical constituents –
  • Fruits contain –    d – linalool thymohydroquinone, thymol, cucminic acids .
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1.friuts – -Asthama , diarrhoea ,   vomiting ,  dyspepsia , flatulence.


9. Alhagi camelorum

  • Family – fabaceae
  • Taxonomic description –  perennial shrub , branches covered with spines , simple leaf , pink flowers , legume fruits .
  • Medicinal parts – leaves. , Fruits , seeds
  • Chemical constituents –  plants contain  tannins flavonoids , quercentin
  • Medicinal   uses  – 
  • 1.Twings – piles , cough
  • 2.root – swellings  Abscesses
  • 3. Leaf oil – Rheumatic  pain
  • 4. Leaves – -Asthama , bronchitis , cough


10.Amorphophallus sylvaticus

  • Family – araceae
  • Taxonomic description –  bulbiferousherb
  • Medicinal part – Rhizome
  • Chemical constituents – calcium oxalate
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1.seeds  – pain, piles , gland enlargement toothache , tumours , etc .

HABITATS OF FUNGI

Hello friends!!!!!  How are you?  I know  you can  feel better and good.  Biology is the study of plant and animal.  Guys we have to know that what is the botany??so,botany is the branch of biology which deals with study of physiology,  plant structure  and Economic importance  of plants. Many plants are found in our earth  Fungi  is the largest plant group of earth  . What is the fungi?.
The fungi are characterised  by non-motile bodies (thalli) constructed  of apically elongated walled filaments(hyphae)
The organism from fungal family  include   rusts, Smuts, puffballs,truffles, morels, molds, yeasts, etc.

Introduction

  1.   Fungi  are found in a enormous diversity of habitats.
  2. The habitats provide a detailed understanding of How fungi organise their growth, sporulation , disperal and colonisation.
  3. Some exquisitely complicated interaction have evolved indicating enormous periods of coevolution between fungs and  their parterners be they living or dead.
  4. Fungi can  be easily extracted from soil, the air , plants , animals,and  less easily from water.

Soil fungi

  1. available nutrients represent for short periods of time in a limited zone .
  2. fungi metabolise and grow very slowly utilising  a range of recalcitrant organic molecule.
  3. The concentration of microbes is greatest close to the surface of roots where exudates from the roots supply a source of organic energy.
  4. Always from  roots ,the remains of plants and microbes are  primary source of energy.
  5. These have been composed and  degraded usually very rapidly. Leaving modified waxes , lignin and other complex molecule behind .

Life styles

The lifestyles adopted by fungi in soil fall into three types : ruderals, mycorrhizal fungi and hyphal from..

  • Ruderals
  1. ruderals takes advantage of the flashes of  nutrients usually associated with rainfall.
  2. water moving through soil carriers with it dissolved organic molecule flashed from plant surfaces, surface litters and microbes.
  3. fungi  respond immediately and grow actively while  remain moist.
  4. fungi sporulate rapidly and exist through dry periods as asexual spores.
  5. It  includes  Absidia, Aspergillus,chaetomium, fusarium, Mortierella, Mucor, and penicillium.
  6. fungi are commonly isolated from soil using soil dilution techniques.
  • Mycorrhizal
  1. Mycorrhizal fungi exist almost entirely by tapping into  roots of plants for their organic energy.
  2. fungi are extremely common in soil, though quantification of the fungi is extremely difficult.
  3. up to 5 m of living hyphae of arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi can be extracted from 1g soil.
  4. The life styles of mycorrhizal fungi  is however much more stable while ever the host is a alive .
  5. fungi have  organic carbon and their proliferation is comparatively measured.
  6. Fungi probably simple organic molecule that are  a suitable source of carbon for some microbes.
  • hyphal form
  1. fungi exist as hyphae in the soil.spores of  fungi are extremely difficult to find in soil and some may never  sporulate.
  2. some fungi have   potential to  cause diseases it  is likely that for much of their life cycle,these organisms metabolise and grow slowly .
  3. hyphal fungi associated with organic fragments which they slowly degrade.
  4. fungi can grow rapidly utilising a wide range of sources of complex carbon.
  5. fungi exhibits  some characteristics of  combative and stress tolerant fungi .
  6. fungi plays  important role in soil  degrading the complex sources  of organic carbon.
  7. It shows result that little organic  carbon  remains in soil .
  • The plant as a host for fungi
  1. .The most readily and widely available source of organic carbon is the plant .
  2. plant photosynthesis or have access to  photosynthates , plant are not a homogeneous  or uniform group of organism .
  3. Very attractive to  saprotrophs  plants area highly diverse kingdom with different  approach to their interactions with fungi.
  4. Defences have been categorised  as generalised including tannins and lignin and induced including phytoalexin.
  5. carbon based defences are more  common in poor soil while nitrogen based  defenced are more  frequently found in plant growing in rich soil.