Medicinal plants of India

Hello guys !!!
I have brought very good information to all of you.
India is the largest country of  medicinal plant .various kind of Flora’s found  in india . But some are useful to our daily life, which  is it ? So today we learn  about  the some  Indian medicinal plants.

1. Acacia farnesian

  • Family – fabaceae
  • Taxonomic description –
  • Tree grows upto 7 to 8 , hight covered with small thorns, peripinnate compound leaf, yellow coloured small flowers , inflorescence fruit legume.
  • Medical part – bark
  • Chemical constituents-  flowers are the source of Cassie perfume , seeds contain a fatty oil .
  • Medicinal uses-
  • 1 . Gum-  sweet ,tonic
  • 2. Bark – diseases of mouth and blood , excessive hemorrhage , inflammation,itching , ulcer.


2. Acacia Pennata

  • Family – fabaceae
  • Taxonomic description – Large scandent bush with polished bark, flower creamy- white or pale yellow.
  • Medical part –  root
  • Chemical constituents – bark contains lepeol, stem contain –  beeta- sitosterol
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1.bark – Asthma , bronchitis and diseases of blood.

3.Phaseolus  Mungo

  • Family – fabaceae
  • Taxonomic description –
  • Trailing hispidherb with 3- foliolate leaves and yellow flowers , pods linears , turgid.
  • Medicinal part – whole plant, roots.
  • Chemical constituents – plants contain albuminoids ,starch and oil.
  • Medicinal use –
  • 1.seeds -Asthama , cough , Dysentery, diarrhoea.

4.Hibiscus Cannabinus

  • Family – malvaceae
  • Taxonomic description -annual or perennial , princly herb corolla spreading , yellow .
  • Medicinal parts – flower seed leaves.
  • Chemical constituents –
  • seeds – phospholipids , palmitric acid ,stearic acid , limonene, citral.
  • leaves -Aldobiouronic acid , Rutin limonene, cerotic acids ,
  • Flower – Anthocyanins , fructose, glucose , tridecanoic acid, sucrose.
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1.flowers – Abodminal  pain , Biliousness , digestion , dysentery , fever.


5.Mentha spicata

  • Family   – lamiaceae
  • Taxonomic description –
  • Aromatic , creeping or ascending herbs , flowers purplish.
  • Medicinal parts –  leaves
  • Chemical constituents – diosmetin from leaves , essential oil contain  carvacrol  , L-  carvone , dipentene  and esters.
  • Medicinal uses-
  • 1. leaves  – bronchitis , fever
  • 6.Sarcostemma Acidum
  •  
  • Family  – Asclepiadaceae
  • Taxonomic description –
  • Perennial leafless , jointed shrubs ,  with milky latex , fragrant White flowers .
  • Medicinal parts – whole  plants
  • Chemical constituents  – lupeol acetate  , succinic acid , brevobiose  tigmobiose .
  • Medicinal  uses –
  • 1. Whole plants  – dipsia , general debility ,  hydrophobia  , viral infection.


7. Semecarpus Anacardium

  • Family – Anacardiaceae
  • Taxonomic description- a small trees  with unisexual flowers  and drupe  fruit .
  • Medicinal part – fruit
  • Chemical constituents –
  • Fruits contain  –  Anacardiac  acid , cardol , catechol , fixed oil , somearpol , bhilawanol , anacardol .
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1. Fruit – Asthama , cardiac diseases  , colic constipation  , cough , diabetes, helminthiasis , tumours , ulcers .


8.Trachyspermum roxburghianum

  • Family  – Apiaceae 
  • Taxonomic description –  Annual herb , White flowers , cremocarp fruits .
  • Medicinal part – Fruits
  • Chemical constituents –
  • Fruits contain –    d – linalool thymohydroquinone, thymol, cucminic acids .
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1.friuts – -Asthama , diarrhoea ,   vomiting ,  dyspepsia , flatulence.


9. Alhagi camelorum

  • Family – fabaceae
  • Taxonomic description –  perennial shrub , branches covered with spines , simple leaf , pink flowers , legume fruits .
  • Medicinal parts – leaves. , Fruits , seeds
  • Chemical constituents –  plants contain  tannins flavonoids , quercentin
  • Medicinal   uses  – 
  • 1.Twings – piles , cough
  • 2.root – swellings  Abscesses
  • 3. Leaf oil – Rheumatic  pain
  • 4. Leaves – -Asthama , bronchitis , cough


10.Amorphophallus sylvaticus

  • Family – araceae
  • Taxonomic description –  bulbiferousherb
  • Medicinal part – Rhizome
  • Chemical constituents – calcium oxalate
  • Medicinal uses –
  • 1.seeds  – pain, piles , gland enlargement toothache , tumours , etc .

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